TYPES OF BURNS

Burns are one of the most painful wounds that can be experienced’.[1]

Burns can be classified by severity and type. There are different types of burns: chemical, electrical, scald and flame.

  • Chemical burns happen upon direct contact with chemicals.
  • Electrical burns are acquired through contact with an electrical current.
  • Scald burns happen when there is direct contact with hot water and steam.
  • Flame burns occur when there is a direct contact with open fire.

According to Burns Registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ) 2014 annual report, adult males are the highest risk for experiencing a flame burn injury while one year old children are the highest risk for experiencing a scald burn injury.[2]

Burns are also described according to the extent of the injury to the skin layers.  Burn classification includes superficial, partial and full thickness burns. These were once classified as first, second and third degree burns.  Knowing first aid treatment is essential for any degree of skin burns:

  1. Remove jewellery and clothing not stuck to the burn site to allow effective cooling.
  2. Cool the burn under running water for 20 minutes to stop the burning process.
  3. Apply Burnaid® hydrogel to help relieve the pain and cover with a clean bandage.

Always seek medical attention if burn site is larger than a 20 cent piece or found on face, hands, groin, feet or involves the airways.

 

[1] GALKAL, ‘Burnaid Burns U&A Debrief Montgomery’, 2015

[2] http://www.branz.org/sites/default/files/BRANZ%205th%20Annual%20Report%20Jul%2013%20-%20Jun%2014.pdf