Chemical Burns

Chemical burns are thought to occur mostly at the hospital or laboratories as most chemicals are stored here. But actually, simple household cleaners and laundry substances can easily cause burns. Common agents that cause chemical burns are: cement, tar, hydrochloric and sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, alkali and HFA. These substances are usually found in car batteries, bleach and drain, oven and toilet cleaners.[1]

Although chemical burns account for 3 to 5% of all burns-associated hospital admissions, they still account for approximately 30% of burn-associated deaths. This is one reason why chemical burns are included in the Australia and New Zealand Burn Association (ANZBA) criteria for specialised burns treatment. These types of burns are to be treated in a specialised burns unit.[2]

In case of a chemical burn injury, call 000 and seek medical attention immediately.

[1] http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/2015/march/cutaneous-chemical-burns-assessment-and-early-management/

[2] http://anzba.org.au/care/first-aid/