Type of Burns
There are several types of burns, some more dangerous than others and knowing the correct first aid is important. While most people think of burns in terms of contact with flames or hot objects, burns can also occur from chemicals, electrical sources, steam or hot water.
Burns are one of the most painful wounds that can be experienced’. Burns can be classified by severity and type. There are different types of burns: chemical, electrical, scald and flame.
- Chemical burns happen upon direct contact with chemicals.
- Electrical burns are acquired through contact with an electrical current.
- Scald burns happen when there is direct contact with hot water and steam.
- Flame burns occur when there is a direct contact with open fire.
According to Burns Registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ) 2014 annual report, adult males are the highest risk for experiencing a flame burn injury while one year old children are the highest risk for experiencing a scald burn injury.
Burns are also described according to the extent of the injury to the skin layers. Burn classification includes superficial, partial and full thickness burns. These were once classified as first, second and third degree burns. Knowing first aid treatment is essential for any degree of skin burns:
- Remove jewellery and clothing not stuck to the burn site to allow effective cooling.
- Cool the burn under running water for 20 minutes to stop the burning process.
- Apply mundicare® Burnaid® Hydrogel to help relieve the pain and cover with a clean bandage.
Always seek medical attention if burn site is larger than 3mm in diameter or found on face, hands, groin, feet or involves the airways or if you have any concerns.
Burns are classified depending on their severity. You’ve likely heard of the different degrees: first, second and third degree burns. These days, we classify burns a bit differently, by superficial, partial thickness, and full thickness burns. They are distinctly separate from one another but all need medical attention. Whether you can treat your burn at home with 20 min of cool running water and mundicare® Burnaid® Gel or seek out emergency care, you can find more information here on each type of burn as well as its individual classification.
Burn Classification FAQ
How to treat Burns
Did you know 88% of minor burns occur at home, but 90% of burns sufferers don’t know how to treat a burn correctly?
Burns need fast, effective treatment. There are many misconceptions about correct first aid treatment. The good news is, it’s easy. Here’s our simple 3-step guide to first aid for burns.
- Remove yourself from danger.
- Remove any clothing / or jewellery that is not stuck to the burn from the affected area to allow effective cooling of the burn.
- Cool the burn under cool running water for 20 minutes.
- If clean running water is not available use a Gel such as mundicare® Burnaid® Gel.
- Do not use ice, butter, toothpaste, creams or ointments as these may make the burn worse.
- Apply a Gel such as mundicare® Burnaid® gel to help relieve the pain.
- Cover with a clean dressing.
Seek medical assistance if clothing is stuck to the burn site or burn site is larger than a 3cm or found on face, hands, groin, feet or involves the airways or if you have any concerns.
Keep your colleagues and friends safe by downloading this easy to follow first aid guide for your workplace, sports club or community group.
First aid treatment for burns poster
The best way to be safe from burns is prevention. We all lead busy lives. So here are a few simple tips to help make your home and kitchen safe for children and your family.
For children aged 0-5 years the most common injury is scalds, caused by mimicking adult behaviour. Like pulling hot drinks off tables, touching hot taps or grabbing saucepan handles.
Babies and young children have fragile skin and their skin burns deeper and more quickly than adults and at lower temperatures.